|The New Jerusalem's Lighting
Revelation Chapter 21 Verses 22-27 (NASB)
And I saw NO TEMPLE in it, for the Lord God, THE ALMIGHTY, and THE
LAMB, are its TEMPLE.
It is amazing to me the continuity within just this one book of the
Bible. After all the visions and judgments, we are consoled that the
Lord God who is in control at the beginning, still is in control here
at the end. We find the use of the Lord God's full title here, THE
ALMIGHTY, just we as we were greeted with this title at the beginning
of the Revelation (Revelation 1:8).
In this verse, we find John looking for the TEMPLE and not finding it.
If one has traveled any around the world, no matter what country you
are in, you recognize the places of worship rather quickly. It doesn't
matter whether you are in a Moslem country, a Christian/Catholic
country, or Buddhist country. The 'temple' is usually easy to spot.
Here, however, John can't find the TEMPLE. Apparently, John didn't
realize that the residents themselves are the TEMPLE (1
Corinthians 3:16-17 and 1
In a way, when John originally wrote that Christ is the true vine (John
15:1-17), John didn't fully comprehend what "abiding in"
appears to be such a fundamental concept of the new Jerusalem that it
may be one of the foundation stones in verse
14. In this sin-tainted present earth age, we certainly don't
understand this union. It remains for us to reach the new Jerusalem
before we will understand what it means to be fully integrated. We are
in Christ. Christ is in us. This is just as it should be between a
husband and wife (verse 9
And THE CITY has NO NEED of the SUN or of the MOON to shine upon it,
Here we see a clear difference between the old Jerusalem (present
earth) and the new Jerusalem (CITY). Presently, the earth needs
SUNlight for its existence and our survival. The MOON really isn't
needed for survival except perhaps for romantics.
Even before the present sun and moon were created (Genesis
1:14-19), there was light (Genesis
1:3-5). Similarly, there may have be a light for the new
but as this verse shows, there is NO NEED for the SUN or the MOON as
far as a light source.
the GLORY of GOD has
illumined it, and
We know from this verse that the GLORY of GOD (Revelation
21:9-11) is sufficient to illuminate the CITY. Symbolically,
GLORY of GOD is sufficient to illuminate our spiritual man.
its lamp is THE
When Jesus walked on this earth, He clearly states the He is the LIGHT (John
8:12-20). Not only that, true followers of Jesus will have
LIGHT of life. Paul confirms that believers on this earth when they
walk as children of light, expose the darkness (evil) to what is the
fruit of the light consisting of all goodness and righteousness and
5:1-8-14). When these children of light are translated to the
Jerusalem (CITY), they as the Bride (verse 9)
will continue to
glow with the Light of Life (John 8:12).
From this verse, one could almost think the CITY is really one massive
light source. Yet we know that it has physical dimensions (verse 15).
Sidenote: It is no accident that Einstein's ratio of energy to mass is
proportional to the speed of LIGHT squared. While we can't say that the
CITY adheres to "Einstein's physics", it is obvious that there is a
relationship between matter and energy even in the new CITY. After all,
it is the same GOD who made both the old earth and the new earth (verse 1).
And THE NATIONS shall walk by its light,
The angel (verse
directed our attention to new Jerusalem, THE CITY, and we became so
involved that we have forgotten all about the new earth. Suddenly, John
says that there are NATIONS. And these NATIONS shall walk or go about
their business by the light of THE CITY. Considering how large THE CITY
is (verse 16),
understandable that a lot of light is given off especially since it is
GLORY-OF-GOD powered (verse
Now let's look at whom are THE NATIONS? Several commentaries point out
that the root word here translated as NATIONS often is translated as
'Gentiles'. It is unclear whether 'Gentiles' here means non Jewish or
non CITY residents. And where did these Gentiles come from?
not told here what the origins of THE NATIONS might be. Purely by
speculation, one could make an argument that the population at the end
of the Millennial period who did not become deceived by the devil (Revelation 20:7,8) are
translated to the
new earth from their Millennial homes. Recall, the deceived people were
These people are "saved" ones but not in the same sense as the BRIDE
(the church) (verse
and THE KINGS of the earth shall bring their glory into it.
The leadership among the populace of the new earth are here denoted as
KINGS. It is not clear what 'their glory' might be. Perhaps, in a
sense, we are seeing the garden of Eden all over again as it was BEFORE
Adam and Eve fell for the devil's ploy (Genesis
2:4-15-25). One can assume that nakedness on the new earth
OK too. As in the garden of Eden before the fall, there is nothing to
be ashamed of in the new earth either (Revelation 3:18).
left to the reader to determine what the opposite of ashamed is.
Whatever that is, that is what THE KINGS bring into THE CITY. This
verse calls it 'their glory'. There are clues in Revelation
5:8-14, and Revelation
60 and see how much of this verse you see in that chapter?
And in the DAYTIME (for there shall be NO NIGHT THERE)
We are back to THE CITY once again; previous verse
verse relate to
what is outside THE CITY. But we now return to THE CITY.
Imagine no darkness ever in THE CITY. That is what this verse
indicates. Symbolically, darkness (or no night), while not
intrinsically not evil itself, has been used to denote the absence of
the presence of God and His blessings (John
12:27-35-36, and 1
Thessalonians 5:2-4-11). The idea that there in NO NIGHT
apparently is so amazing to John that he repeats it in Revelation 22:5.
an interesting sidelight to the absence of NIGHT. In effect a perpetual
day removes the concept of time. On present earth, we set time by the
earth's rotation in and out of the sun's light. Even the Jewish Sabbath
starts at sundown. However in THE CITY, it is always noon! This
confirms that THE CITY is an eternal, forever and ever, CITY.
its GATES shall NEVER be closed;
The GATES being open perpetually show that there is no evil around.
Furthermore, there is free access to THE CITY by "new earthlings"
(nations - next
On this present earth, we have become so used to evil being around, we
have difficulty imagining THE CITY without evil. Walk around your
house. How many things do you have (locks, surveillance cameras, alarm
systems, safes, bars on windows, security fences, firearms, and so on)
to thwart evil?
Open GATES also indicate unhindered communication with God. There will
not be any "withstanding" like the messenger faced in Daniel
10:10-13-17. There is no need to shut these GATES. The
question then is what will you and I say to God at that time? Consider
your present prayers; how will they change in the presence of God?
Maybe we ought to be practicing praying now like we will communicate
with God in THE CITY. It's just a thought.
and they shall bring THE GLORY and THE HONOR of THE NATIONS into it;
Oh my, the answer to the question posed in verse 24
is found right
here. The opposite of ashamed is THE GLORY and THE HONOR. While verse 24
that the kings brought THE GLORY into THE CITY, here 'they' is
generally interpreted as the total populace of THE NATIONS. Now THE
GLORY and THE HONOR admittedly are very spiritual items, but then THE
CITY is a very special spiritual place.
On a more theological vein, some scholars point out that in order for
THE NATIONS to bring THE GLORY and THE HONOR into THE CITY, they must
pass through THE GATES (Jewish nation - verse 12).
This may be
what Zechariah's final prophesy is all about (Zechariah
14:16-21). It also explains why a country as small as Israel
such a commanding place in world news. Even mere earthlings today sense
the importance of Israel.
Other translations use the word 'defiled' instead of UNCLEAN; so let's
look at what 'defiles' a man:
and no one who practices abomination
shall EVER COME INTO IT
Out of the list of persons who are in the lake that burns with fire and
the abominable and liars are singled out here. This shows these two
kinds of sin are especially abhorrent to God. The abominable show by
their deeds that they don't believe in Jesus Christ (Titus
1:15-16). The liars because they are the opposite of THE
of the names of Jesus Christ - John
14:1-6-11) can't come anywhere near to 'IT', the new
CITY). THE TRUTH and His wife live in the new Jerusalem (verse 2).
but only THOSE WHOSE NAMES ARE WRITTEN
Lamb's BOOK OF LIFE.
It is appropriate here to restate our understanding about the BOOK OF
LIFE. Everyone's name is written into the BOOK OF LIFE at the
conception of that unique life. As that life is lived, sin is committed
by that life (Romans
3:21-23-31). The Lamb then erases that life's name from the
The life, when it
Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior and holds (overcomes - verse 7)
commitment, has that life's name restored to the BOOK OF LIFE by the
Lamb. It is our choice to be in the BOOK OF LIFE; it is Christ's choice
of your eternal residency, all because of where your NAME is written.
If your name is NOT in the BOOK OF LIFE, you are doomed (Revelation 20:15).
your name is in the BOOK OF LIFE, you are a resident (inheritor - verse 7)
of the new
Jerusalem, THE CITY.
from the NEW
AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, © Copyright The Lockman Foundation, 1960,
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References to the Revelation of Jesus Christ are in bold
All other references are in bold only