|The New Heaven, The New City, and
Earth, Revelation Chapter 21 Verses 1-8 (NASB)
And I saw a NEW HEAVEN and a NEW EARTH;
From the rest of this chapter's descriptions of the NEW JERUSALEM, we
understand that this is "NEW" as in a "NEW" kind of HEAVEN and
EARTH. This "NEW" HEAVEN and EARTH are not tainted by evil (2
Peter 3:8-13-13). The NEW HEAVEN and NEW EARTH may not even
the current laws of physics. The theoretical physicist, Dirac, in 1928
proposed the existence of a positively charge particle, named positron,
which was the opposite of a negatively charge electron. In 1932,
Anderson experimentally observed the conversion of a photon into an
electron and a positron pair. In 1955, an antiproton was produced in
experiments with high-energy particles from accelerators.
these experiments which showed the existence of "antimatter", one could
speculate all matter has an antimatter form, and that this antimatter
if collected into a region in the universe could make up antimatter
galaxies, for example. One should not go too much beyond this
"antimatter" thinking, however, as verse
points out, we (and the angels) still are making measurements on a
current human scale.
for the first heaven and the first earth passed away,
24:1-5-6 shows us, this first heaven and first earth are
They contained and were contaminated by evil. For this reason, the
first heaven and first earth had to flee away from a pure, righteous
God (Revelation 20:11).
and there is no longer ANY SEA.
The NEW EARTH will NOT have a SEA or place for evil to live. In an
interesting extension, this implies that the NEW HEAVEN and NEW EARTH
are not in our solar system. The Mars Rovers have proven that there is
water on Mars, and water has been speculated for other moons orbiting
other planets. One concludes then that the last two chapters of
Revelation are almost entirely spiritual. However, since John SAW this
NEW HEAVEN and NEW EARTH, it must have some physical dimensions (see
verses 16, 18, and 21).
The sea is the first of the 7 things which will no longer exist. The
other six are: death, mourning, weeping, pain (Revelation
21:4), the curse (Revelation
night (Revelation 21:25;
Often in our earlier discussions, we have pointed out that water is the
container of spirits. If one adds in the blood, we find that these
three, the Spirit and the water and the blood, bear witness to Jesus
John 5:6-11) and His ability to give us eternal life (or
this NEW HEAVEN and NEW EARTH). There are two kinds of water.
There is Good Water (Revelation
Evil Water (Revelation
12:10-17). Let's look at a few examples of the
between water and spirit(s):
water and spirit relationship.
the Spirit of
God was moving over the surface of the waters. Heaven is formed in the
expanse between the waters.
|The flood was
to harbor the spirits of the people who drowned.
6:1-8, Genesis 8:13-19
|Those who are
chosen of God are protected from coming into contact with water.
a) The chosen people leave Egypt through the Red
dry land; pursuing Egyptians drown.
b) The chosen people entering into the Promised
crossing the Jordan River.
c) Elijah and Elisha cross the parted Jordan River.
demons request to
go into pigs. The pigs subsequently rush down a steep bank into the
sea. Sea now contains the cast out demons.
|When an evil
a man, it must find water to rest/reside.
tries to drown
the woman's child.
Beast, one of the
Unholy Trinity, comes up out of the Sea.
This is not an exhaustive list where water is referred to in spiritual
overtones. As you study the Word of God, you will find many references
to water and its uses in judgment. You also will find good water put to
use; although, those references are rarer.
I saw the HOLY
CITY, NEW JERUSALEM,
From the previous
we can imply that this is a NEW kind of JERUSALEM from the NEW HEAVEN.
The term, HOLY CITY, denotes that it will be the center of
spirituality. In the previous earth, JERUSALEM also was referred to as
the HOLY CITY, but it had one thing wrong with it. It was tainted by
evil. It was where prophets were murdered (Luke
13:31-34-35), it was where Jesus Christ was crucified (Luke
23:26-28-31), and it was where the two witnesses were killed (Revelation 11:8).
This is the place where believers are housed eternally forever (Hebrews
12:18-22-29). What distinguished this NEW JERUSALEM is that
coming down out of HEAVEN from GOD,
This HOLY CITY is pure and righteous. In fact, it is pure enough for
God Himself to live in (next
verse). This HOLY CITY was the place Abraham by faith was
11:8-10-16-22). And this HOLY CITY is
made ready as a bride adorned for her husband.
This is Dad's wedding gift to His son. We studied about the marriage
19:1-10), and now this is the permanent address for the HOLY
Couple. Much of the rest of this chapter (verses
9-27) will describe Dad's gift in more detail.
And I heard a loud voice from the THRONE,
To hear a loud voice from the THRONE indicates that this message has
the full authority of GOD. In this verse and the next verse, our
citizenship in the new earth and new heaven is confirmed (Philippians
3:17-21). Even with this very directed message from the
are encouraged, yes, even demanded to listen up because the word,
BEHOLD, precedes the message.
- the TABERNACLE of God is among men,
This is a continuity verse inasmuch that we see
TABERNACLE again here in the new earth. God is never changing; so the
earthly TABERNACLE described to and set up by Moses (Exodus
25-31,35-40) is patterned after the one in heaven at creation
This same TABERNACLE will be around for eternity.
Having said this, the TABERNACLE is clearly
nature. It, over all time, defines where we worship and serve God. It
is exclusively for our SPIRITUAL MAN, and as we will see later in verse 22,
it is equal
to GOD Himself.
- and He shall DWELL among
During this current period of grace on this earth,
Christ is our mediator (1
Timothy 2:1-5-7). Now in the new earth, He is one of us as
sibling; and DWELLING among "them"/us makes this His kingdom (Psalm
145:8-13, 146:8-10) for ALL who are His. Furthermore, this is
Christ serving men (Luke
12:35-40) and men serving Jesus Christ; in other words, this
eternally pure SPIRITUAL FELLOWSHIP!
- and they shall be HIS
This has always been true for the sons of Israel (Ezekiel
43:6-7-9), but in this context, "they" means all who are
Jesus Christ of this new earth (Romans
- and God Himself shall be
With evil totally vanquished from this new heaven
earth, GOD HIMSELF can be right among us (Leviticus
26:1-11-12-13). This thought just totally overwhelms our
comprehension because we see it and understand(?) it with sin-tainted
minds and hearts. In this new earth environment, we will experience
what Adam and Eve experienced in the Garden of Eden (Genesis
3:8-13), and what the disciples and all those who came in
with Jesus Christ when He walked among men on this present earth (Colossians
Only now can we see Jesus' teaching
"Blessed are the
PURE in heart, for they shall see God" (Matthew
- and He shall wipe away EVERY TEAR
from their eyes;
We are seeing the
effect of sin and evil when we see tears. It is a wonder in our eternal
state that Jesus Christ is able to remove EVERY TEAR for each
or evil committed by us (Romans
) or by someone dear to us. It shows that Jesus'
sojourn and the price He paid on Calvary truly was for eternity.
This phrase confirms the promise made to the
Carrying on our theme of the role of water, the
EVERY TEAR confirms that there is NO WATER in which evil could possibly
dwell in the new earth.
- and there shall no longer be any
Sin no longer exists
in the new heaven and new earth, so there are no wages to be paid (Romans
). Christ paid the wages that were due for us (Ephesians
). Furthermore, where there is DEATH, by definition,
no eternity or forever.
- there shall no longer be any
MOURNING, or CRYING, or
The pain starts at
). We continue to experience it throughout our present
life. In the new earth and new heaven, these are removed. This brings
us to an interesting observation: what if mourning, or crying, or pain
were removed from our present earthly life. What would we have left?
For the unbeliever, there is a void. Perhaps that
reason the unbeliever searches for that mind bending high, for that
adrenaline rush, or for that supposed solace of suicide.
For the believer, there is an EXTREME JOY (1
). There is a HOPE (Titus
) for life in the new earth. There is a PEACE (Revelation 6:4
). If you claim to be a believer and you are not
experiencing this JOY, HOPE, and PEACE, please reexamine your faith and
commitment to Jesus Christ.
the FIRST THINGS have passed away."
The FIRST THINGS, evil and sin, are gone (verse 1).
their downfall in Eden, Adam and Eve were still within "the FIRST
THINGS". While they walked and talked with God, they still had the
possibility of temptation and sin (Genesis
2:7,8,15-24). Now in the new earth and new heaven with the
THINGS passed away, there is no possibility of evil or sin. We will be
living in transformed spiritual bodies (1
Corinthians 15:35-57) that will inherit the imperishable.
And He who sits on the THRONE said, "Behold, I am making ALL THINGS
When the first heaven and earth were created, everything God did was
1:1-4-10-18-21-25-31). It was, in fact, "very good"
evil entered in. God in His purity and righteousness would not permit
evil to go on forever, and thus He destroyed the first heaven and earth
(Revelation 20:11 and Revelation 21:1). God is
making ALL THINGS
NEW. We know this is God doing it because He is the one sitting on the
This is not a refurbishing of the first
heaven and earth
because the Greek word used for NEW, kainos,
'involves not only newness in time but also the freshness of having a
completely different character.'a
implies a new set of physical laws where entropy is set aside. ALL
these NEW THINGS will last forever.
It is interesting to note that just as physicists and mathematicians
have put forth a unified
String Theory which is purported to describe how the first
and heaven (universe) are put together, God will make a NEW CREATION.
In Genesis, when the unified people wanted to become noted, they were
And He said, "WRITE, for these words are FAITHFUL and TRUE."
This is a reminder of the first time John was told to "WRITE" (Revelation 1:11). Even as
that "WRITE" was
to the seven churches, this "WRITE", since it is in the same book of
the Revelation of Jesus Christ, remains for the churches. One gets the
sense that John, even though he probably knew Jesus better than anyone,
is so amazed at this NEW creation, he must be reminded to "WRITE".
While this ALL-THINGS-NEW concept is difficult for us to grasp, it is
confirmed that the concept/reality is FAITHFUL and TRUE. The new heaven
and earth will exist after all the tribulation judgments are done (Revelation
6-18), the 1,000 years reign of Christ is finished (Revelation
20:4-6), and all will have faced the great WHITE THRONE (Revelation
One last observation: those whose names are in the Book of Life somehow
are moved from the old earth to the new creation. Given that things of
a spiritual nature do not have the physical movement restrictions we
all know in this present earth, one can argue that this is entirely a
spiritual creation. However, the new earth will have a dimensioned NEW
21:9-21). It apparently doesn't revolve around a NEW sun for
is no night there (Revelation
21:22-27). This implies that there is no concept of time;
meaningless in eternity. TRULY, this is a NEW THING!
And He said to me, "IT IS DONE.
We know that the 'He' speaking here is the Lord God, the Almighty (Revelation 1:8 and Revelation
'IT IS DONE' signifies that the transition from the old earth/heaven to
the new earth/heaven is DONE (verse
Just like the old creation was DONE (Genesis
2:1-3) and the work of redemption on the old earth is DONE (John
19:28-30), now the transition from old earth/heaven to new
earth/heaven is DONE.
I am the Alpha and the Omega, the BEGINNING and the END.
This looks like a conundrum: the new earth/heaven is eternal with no
BEGINNING and no END, and yet we have a reference to a 'BEGINNING' and
What we are seeing is that what Christ did in the old earth/heaven (Revelation 1:8) will
transition through to
the new earth/heaven. Our redemption did not stop when the old
earth/heaven did (next verse).
HIS NAME FOREVER, AMEN!
From old earth physics, we know of 4 dimensions: 3 of length and 1 of
time. Clearly in verse 1,
we see the
transition of the 3 length dimensions. And here we can say that we see
the transition of time from finite (Alpha - Omega, BEGINNING
END) to the infinite. Only God who is infinite knows how this happens;
we can only experience it (and I can't wait).
I will give to the one who THIRSTS from the spring of the WATER OF LIFE
This is the same kind of THIRST described in Psalm
42:1-2. It is a THIRST for the GOOD WATER OF LIFE provided by
John 5:6-12 and John
4:7-24). We see a connection to the presence of the Holy
this GOOD WATER OF LIFE. Only in this chapter and in the next (Revelation
22:1,17) do we find reference to this WATER OF LIFE.
WATER OF LIFE is withheld from old earthlings except for those
overcomers (next verse)
redemptive work. This will be the most precious commodity in
new earth/heaven on the other side of the transition.
When one takes a broad look at this verse, we see confirmation of the
HOLY TRINITY in the new universe. We see the Lord God, the Almighty, as
speaker; Christ as Alpha and Omega; and Holy Spirit within the WATER OF
"He who OVERCOMES shall inherit these THINGS,
What "THINGS" will be inherited? We have a start on the list from the
"OVERCOMERS" of the seven churches:
|"I will grant
to eat of
the tree of life, which is in the Paradise of God."
|This is the
same tree of
life seen in Revelation 22:2.
not be hurt by
the second death".
|See the next verse for what the
second death is.
|"to him I
will give some
of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, and a new name
written on the stone which no one knows but he who receives it."
has a name
which no one know except Himself (Revelation
|"to him, I
will give the
authority over the nations; and he shall rule them with a rod of iron,
as the vessels of the potter are broken to pieces, as I also have
received authority from My Father; and I will give him the morning
|We will reign
forever (Revelation 22:5)
clothed in white garments; and I will not erase his name from the book
of life, and I will confess his name before My Father, and before His
purity and righteousness....this is appropriate dress for bondservants
who will serve him forever. (Revelation
|"I will make
him a pillar
in the temple of My God, and he will not go out anymore; and I will
write upon him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God,
the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God, and My
|Face to face
and with His
name (Revelation 22:4)
|"I will grant
to him to
sit down with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My
Father on His throne."
that we will have still contains the Throne, and we will be happy to
serve God and the Lamb (Revelation
and I will be his God and he will be My son.
The transition is complete with every believer, Jew and non-Jew, moving
from the old earth/heaven to their new home. With this simple phrase,
we become part of the eternal family just as the Bible said we would (Romans
4:1-7, and 1
Peter 1:3-4-9). We finally will experience the completion of
3:21-30), will get to see God (John
1:14-18), will be able to look at His Face (Psalm
24:3-6), and will be able to revel in His Presence.
This preposition indicates that the list which follows does not include
any of the OVERCOMERS listed previously. Furthermore, this list
is associated with seven demonic realms as detailed in Revelation 13:1.
The Amplified Bible expands this with 'ignoble, contemptible, cravenly
lacking in courage, and cowardly submissive'. We can see how this is
tied to unbelievers (next item in the list), but most likely applies to
nominal Christians also (Mark
The Amplified Bible adds 'faithless' to UNBELIEVING. This is the only
class of people for which there is no forgiveness (1
John 5:6-12, 1
Corinthians 6:9-11, and John
'Depraved and defiled with abominations' is how the Amplified Bible
expands this class. The abominable are described in Titus
1:15-16. Furthermore, there was nothing good about the great
whose cup held abominations (Revelation
Since this is the final list of those who will experience the second
death, the broad definition of murder as John writes in an earlier
John 3:11-15-24) should be used.
The Amplified Bible calls this group 'lewd and adulterous'. This group
is the only one where their sin is sexual in nature. Given how much is
written about sexual sins in the Bible, it is rather surprising that
this is only a small part of the condemned.
'Practicers of magic arts' is how the Amplified Bible identifies
SORCERERS. Here's what God thinks about this group (Deuteronomy
With a broad brush, the Amplified Bible says this group are 'those who
give supreme devotion to anyone or anything other than God'. The test
for an idolater is found in 1
Timothy 4:1-10. If you don't have the word of God in you or
practice an extensive time in non repetitious prayer, you are
susceptible to IDOLATRY and LYING (next item in the list).
'Those who knowingly convey untruth by word or deed' is how the
Amplified Bible tags this group. The father of all liars is the devil (John
8:31-44-47), and the devil already is in the lake of fire (Revelation 20:10).
their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone,
which is the SECOND DEATH."
This is probably the saddest list in the Bible for this SECOND DEATH is
a permanent and everlasting forever death. You may have heard the
expression, "He died a slow death"; while this is forever longer a slow
death. Imagine all the evil that you can and then think how you would
live within that evil (and much worse) forever. The alternative, asking for
forgiveness for your
sins and accepting Jesus Christ as your Master, would seem to
be a better choice.
a "What the Bible Teaches",
Volume 10, Jim
Allen, page 508
from the NEW
AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, © Copyright The Lockman Foundation, 1960,
1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 Used by
References to the Revelation of Jesus Christ are in bold
All other references are in bold only