The Beast and False Prophet are defeated, Revelation Chapter 19 Verses 11-21 (NASB)

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    And I saw HEAVEN OPENED;
This may seem strange, but apparently heaven is not a wide-open place. Rather, at least with respect to this sin-riddled earth, heaven is protected from evil (Matthew 3:13-16-17, Acts 7:54-56-60, Revelation 4:1, and Revelation 15:5). One should be aware that Hades is within sight/hearing distance of Abraham's boson (heaven?). The need to protect heaven from evil should also make us much more alert to the foibles of the devil The devil is very crafty and will be able to deceive many (like the sand of the seashore - Revelation 20:8) after the millennial reign of Christ.

This may also explain why the New Jerusalem (heaven) has gates (Revelation 21:12).
    and BEHOLD, a WHITE HORSE, and HE who sat upon it
The WHITE HORSE symbolizes power and warfare from a righteous, pure, and holy army. The commander-in-chief, here denoted as HE, is none other than Jesus Christ. While we have seen how Jesus Christ looks in heaven (Revelation 1:12-16), here we find Him in his "military" role and as Messiah (John 4:25-26).
    (1)   is CALLED FAITHFUL and TRUE;
This ties back to Jesus being called "The Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of the Creation of God....(Revelation 3:14). The Creator of this earth is coming back to earth as Commander-in-chief  with his armies (verse 14) to reclaim the earth as the rightful owner.

In human terms, we never can be FAITHFUL and TRUE because of the sin curse placed upon us. So we hear phrases like "fair" or "impartial" used; but even these are hard to confirm. Comparing among earthlings always leaves room for untruth. Not so with Jesus Christ; He is CALLED (by God, we assume) FAITHFUL and TRUE;
    (2)   and in RIGHTEOUSNESS HE JUDGES and WAGES WAR.
Because Jesus is TRUE, He is able to JUDGE and execute this WAR against evil. We, as His supporting army, should have been faithful during our basic training (Ephesians 6:10-12-20). Then we will be able to wage war with Jesus. Sadly, too many so-called Christians never go to 'boot camp'; it is doubtful they'll be part of the army (verse 14).
    And (3) HIS EYES are a flame of fire, and
It is Jesus' EYES that test our faith. The result will be that we may give praise and honor and glory at this time (1 Peter 1:3-7-9). We know that this was the physical attribute given to HIS EYES in Revelation 1:14, but clearly this set of verses here in chapter 19 is spiritual in nature. The spiritual side is totally open to Jesus. On earth we can be a fake Christian, acting the part in church, and being a model to those around us, and yet, when Jesus' EYES pierces into/through us, He will judge the thoughts and intentions known only to us (we falsely believe). We may have hidden that secret self from those around us but not from Jesus (Hebrews 4:12-13).
    (4) upon HIS HEAD are many diadems; and
Contrast this with what the dragon (Revelation 12:3) and the Beast (Revelation 13:1) wore on their head(s). "Many" implies more diadems than any other. Jesus is imbued with royal dignity. How different this is from the crown of thorns (Mark 15:16-20).

There is an account in the Old Testament of the conquering king removing the crown from the conquered king and placing it upon his own head (2 Samuel 12:26-30-31). In a spiritual sense, this finalizes the fall of the kings of the earth who committed acts of immorality and lived sensuously with her (the harlot - global economic materialism, Revelation 18:9). Perhaps these diadems symbolize Jesus' final conquest over the kings of the earth.
    (5) HE has a NAME written upon HIM which no one knows except HIMSELF.
Contrast this with the many blasphemous names the harlot took for herself (Revelation 17:3). Without a name, it is hard to brag or boast. That's important to the devil, you know. He feels he should be the one riding out of heaven on the white horse (previous verse).

The name is written upon Jesus presumably by God the Father. Its meaning is hidden from us. Some scholars believe that at some time, we believers will know what that name is, just as mysteries of God had been revealed to some of the apostles (Ephesians 3:1-4-13). However, it really is immaterial whether we will get to know that name. What is important is that we now know "JESUS" and accept him as our Lord and Savior here and now.
    And (6) He is clothed with a ROBE dipped in BLOOD;
Often this phrase is compared to the 'vengeance' passage in Isaiah 63:1-6. This implies that the ROBE is covered with enemies' blood. While this may be, it is more likely that this is Christ's own blood. He is coming from heaven (verse 11) and the battle hasn't been enjoined yet (verse 19). Moreover, in the Revelation, the blood mentioned is always Christ's blood (Revelation 1:5; Revelation 5:6, 9; Revelation 7:14; and Revelation 12:11).

Symbolically, we are seeing salvation portrayed. It gives us our white robes (Revelation 7:14 and Revelation 22:14) when we ride into 'battle' (next verse). We are seeing the pure revelation of Jesus Christ. That is, righteousness expunging evil (Hebrews 9:11-22).
    and (7) HIS NAME is called THE WORD OF GOD.
In the previous verse, Jesus has a name written on Him which 'no one knows except Himself', and now we are told His NAME is called 'THE WORD OF GOD".  One could look upon the previous verse as an endearing nickname that is used by a parent for his child (Matthew 3:13-17). In this verse, His NAME is essentially how Christ is or should be known by us, His bride (verse 7). It is the essence of God's spiritual nature (John 1:1-5) placed in us when we accept Him as our Lord and Savior (John 15:1-17).

During our present period of grace, we most often take 'THE WORD OF GOD' to mean the Gospel or Good News, and that meaning still is included here. However, a broader meaning is implied. As commander-in-chief (verse 11), the WORD OF GOD is now mostly judgments or vengeance as requested (Revelation 6:9-11 (5th seal)). Words come from the mouth .... recall what comes from Jesus' mouth (Revelation 1:16 and Revelation 19:21). Again, we see righteousness supplanting evil using military imagery.

Placing these two phrases together in this verse reinforces the idea that the BLOOD on the ROBE is CHRIST'S own BLOOD. NO enemy (evil) can come close to Christ as long as that sword (WORD OF GOD) of pure truth (verse 11) comes from His mouth. The devil introduced Adam and Eve (and the whole world) to evil (Genesis 3:1-5-7); now Christ is restoring the world to its pristine nonevil state prior to the millennial reign (Revelation 20:4-6).

Taking a composite look at the 7 spiritual items in verses 11-13, we realize that we have just been given the Revelation of Jesus Christ.
    And the ARMIES which are in HEAVEN,
This verse continues the military symbolism. The non-military form of this symbolism is found in Micah 5:2-5-6 where the 7 shepherds are thought to be Christ and the 8 leaders of men being the ARMIES. Note how the passage begins with Bethlehem and ends with Nimrod + Assyria (Babylon). Furthermore, 8 represents divine perfection as does the fact that those in the ARMIES are
    clothed in fine linen, white and clean,
as represented in verse 8 also. See the description of the holy ones in Zechariah 14:1-5-9 and the unblamable in Holiness in 1 Thessalonians 3:11-13. It is clear that we are again seeing righteousness triumph over evil.

Interestingly, this army is not camouflaged to avoid detection as modern earth militia are. Rather this is the TRUTH coming forth boldly like a light set upon a hill (Matthew 5:13-16). There is no doubt that evil and those committed to evil (who took the mark of the beast and worshiped the image of the beast) can fully see Christ and His ARMIES coming. The conflict soon will be engaged (verses 17-21).
    were following HIM on white HORSES.
All believers have followed HIM; that's how they got to HEAVEN in the first place, and thus are able to serve in the ARMIES. Using ARMIES (plural) implies that this is a collection of entities: Old Testament saints like those at the mount of transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-3-13) and the bones who came back to life representing the WHOLE house of Israel (Ezekiel 37:1-10-14), believers in Christ on WHITE HORSES, and angels (Matthew 16:21-27-28 and 2 Thessalonians 1:5-7-10).

We are not told what color the colt was, but it, too, was used in a triumphal entry (Luke 19:28-40). This is not a coincidence but rather a foretelling of this spiritual entry from HEAVEN into battle just as Christ went to battle to conquer death at Calvary.
    And from HIS mouth comes a SHARP SWORD, so that with it (1) He may SMITE THE NATIONS;
Because it has been used repeatedly throughout Revelation (Revelation 1:16, Revelation 2:12, Revelation 2:16, and Revelation 19:21), this imagery of a sharp sword coming from Jesus Christ's mouth is an important TRUTH for us to understand. I don't understand how just speaking the Word SMITES THE NATIONS. This is part of the awesomeness of The Revelation of Jesus Christ. The spoken TRUTH (righteousness) (John 14:1-6-11) conquers LYING (evil) (1 John 2:18-22-29) every time.

Since the SHARP SWORD comes from HIS mouth, it is clear that we are talking about spiritual matters here. If they were physical, they probably could be taken care of by a physician. If they are spiritual, then the defeat of spiritual wrongdoing and evil can only be done by God's Word (Luke 4:1-12-13).

In this verse, we see three throwbacks to the Old Testament. To SMITE the NATIONS, sounds very much like Isaiah 11:1-5. However, since this is spiritual in nature, the phrase, THE NATIONS (plural), has the flavor of religious denominations who have played footsie with the harlot. The harlotry or prideful materialism has made it's way into many if not all religious denominations. Just as each political nation has its own cultural mix,  various denominations have their own cultures. Hence, we find here that no religious denomination will be spared from the SWORD.
    and (2) He will RULE THEM with a rod of iron;
This is what was prophesied in Psalm 2:1-9-12.

It may have a broader meaning, in that, it may give a glimpse at how Christ will rule during the millennial period (Revelation 20:4-6). From a spiritual viewpoint, this indicates there is NO COMPROMISE with evil when Christ reigns. Yet evil, apparently, has not been completely suppressed, for after the millennial period, the devil is loosed for a short time to see whom he may deceive. He's able to convince many that evil still is glamorous and is the "good life" since as many as the sand on the seashore are enticed (Revelation 20:7-8-10). Sadly, this fits with Jesus' comment about even 'the elect' may be deceived during the tribulation (Mark 13:14-22-23).
    and (3) He treads the wine press of the fierce WRATH OF GOD, THE ALMIGHTY.
This is what was prophesied in Isaiah 63:1-6.

This is a visual interpretation of evil being squeezed from the earth and, in particular, from the various religious denominations. We live with evil so close by everyday that it has become second nature to us. So much so that we can't even discern evil when we are confronted by it. This leads to the same state that the Laodicean church found/finds itself in (Revelation 3:14-22). It isn't a coincidence that the 'lukewarm' are spit out of His mouth .... it is the same process of the SWORD SMITING the NATIONS.

To indicate the overwhelming, overcoming power of God, both the WRATH of GOD and the highest name of GOD, the ALMIGHTY (Revelation 4:8 and Revelation 19:6), are commingled here in this verse. Every bit of EVIL will be squeezed out from the earth, and the earth will be returned to its original created state which God saw that it was VERY GOOD (Genesis 1:24-31). Interestingly, one could ask the question why restore the earth to its original state only to have it "pass away" (Revelation 21:1)?
    And on HIS ROBE and on HIS THIGH He has a NAME written,
If you compare Psalm 45:1-9, it is almost as if the Psalmist is writing about this verse. While the Psalm refers to the sword on the thigh, we know that the sword really is coming from His mouth (verse 15). Since the sword represents the spoken truth, what is more true than "KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS."

This is the same bloodied ROBE in verse 13. Since ROBES represent righteousness, only Christ using His pure RIGHTEOUSNESS could even assume this NAME. Furthermore, since the NAME is across the THIGH part of the ROBE, we can understand that this is part of His role or position as Son of Man. Placing the NAME on the THIGH part of the ROBE makes it very visible as He is riding the white horse. There is no doubt what Christ's name is. And one could assume that this is the same name that is written on the outside of the scroll (Revelation 5:1). We see here that Christ is the rightful owner of the earth and in quasi-military fashion is reclaiming it. This also allows Christ to establish His thousand year reign (Revelation 20:4-6).
    "KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS."
Before Christ received His blood stain on the ROBE, Pilate asked Him this very question, "So you are a KING?" (John 18:33-37-38). Jesus gave Pilate an answer appropriate for that moment; here, we have the complete answer. Jesus said He was born to be a king, but not just a king, but rather "KING OF KINGS"!

I wondered why both "KING OF KINGS" and "LORD OF LORDS" were used. Either one would be sufficient one would think. But then I recalled how corporations are structured and realized that this is a direct answer to the corporate materialism of Babylon. That is,

Christ's NAME
Corporate NAME
Representation
KING of KINGS
Chairman of the Board: Legitimizes the corporation. Board members typically are Chairmen or "kings" of other corporations. Denomination leadership from a religious organization viewpoint. Interestingly, denominations don't usually have leaders from other denominations within their top structures.
Authorization
LORD of LORDS
Corporate organization with layers of management up through Officers of the corporation. In the religious viewpoint, districts or dioceses or missions boards or orders or equivalents. (1 Timothy 3)
Administration

Having both names then says that Christ is both the Authority and Administration during the millennial reign.
    And I saw an ANGEL standing in the sun;
What an unusual place for an ANGEL to stand. Or is it? You may recall that the fourth ANGEL with a bowl poured it upon the sun (Revelation 16:8). Even the image below showing the sun showing off a sunspot makes it easy to see how a special sunspot could appear to us on earth as an ANGEL. The sun is constantly being monitored by satellites and radio telescopes, so this appearance of an ANGEL standing in the sun would be relayed throughout the earth.
UV
Image of Sun from SOHU spacescope.
During the tribulation while the fourth trumpet judgment (Revelation 8:12) was taking place, the sun was darkened. Perhaps the darkened sun erupts with one massive solar flare that looks like an ANGEL.

Most importantly, this ANGEL's appearance shouts to the reader that what is happening next is VERY IMPORTANT.
    and he cried out with a LOUD VOICE,
Now this complicates things. There is no inter solar medium such as air to carry the LOUD VOICE of this ANGEL. Hence, we come to one of those unexplainable events, at least in common earth terms, that will captivate the earth. Not only that, the devil and his surrogate armies (verse 19) are given notice as to what their fate will soon be.

When a LOUD VOICE is used (Revelation 6:10; Revelation 7:2; Revelation 7:10; Revelation 10:3; Revelation 14:15; and Revelation 18:2), something IMPORTANT follows. So too, here, watch for the IMPORTANT EVENT.
    saying to all the BIRDS which fly in mid heaven,
Earlier in this chapter in verse 9, we witnessed a marriage supper. Now, the BIRDS are invited to God's SUPPER. Again, as in hearing the LOUD VOICE, the BIRDS at least on earth need air in which to fly. And that, in fact, is what surrounds the earth and separates the water below from the water above. God made it that way on the second day of creation (Genesis 1:6-8).

Some expositors tie this verse to Ezekiel 39:17-24 for the language is very similar. There are enough dissimilarities to also say these are not the same. However, one thing is clear from Ezekiel, it is iniquity which is the problem (or bird feed). In Ezekiel, it was iniquity within Israel, in particular, that was the problem; here in Revelation, it is the iniquity or evil of the whole earth. Look at how Jesus referred to this in Matthew 24:15-28.

This may well describe in physical terms a spiritual cleansing or removal of evil from the earth. Evil resides within living beings or in "water". Evil is real, and must be "eaten" by these BIRDS, to remove it from mankind. Much, if not all, evil is based in demons, and demons must go somewhere when they are excised (Mark 5:1-20). The BIRDS will take care of that.
    "Come, ASSEMBLE for the GREAT SUPPER of God;
It is God's privilege and His will to hold this GREAT SUPPER. Thankfully, I'm not on the menu! Are YOU?
    in order that you may eat
    • THE FLESH OF kings and
    • THE FLESH OF commanders and
    • THE FLESH OF mighty men and
    • THE FLESH OF horses and of those who sit on them and
    • THE FLESH OF all men, both free men and slaves, and small and great."
There is no need to delineate the meaning of each of the persons involved. Rather 'THE FLESH OF' has been highlighted to show that this is more of a spiritual meal (previous verse). When Adam and Eve followed the advice of Satan and ate fruit from the tree of knowledge of GOOD and EVIL (Genesis 3:1-7), sin entered into this world. By the time of this verse in Revelation, the GOOD people are already in heaven and probably are on those white horses coming with Christ (verse 14), so these are the ones who followed EVIL due to the deception of the beast and the false prophet (verse 20). So here we see EVIL being removed from ALL MEN (left behind).

Including horses doesn't seem to fit. Probably these are the EVIL counterpart to what believers ride upon (verse 14). Also, we had locusts (Revelation 9:7) that looked like horses prepared for battle, and these were EVIL influences. Horses may denote how EVIL is transported. We don't understand this phenomenon, i.e. how does EVIL enter a man (Luke 22:1-3-6)?

Lastly, lest we think this is all spiritual, the literal consumption of ALL MEN remaining by these birds will take place. This leaves the interesting question: who will populate the earth during the millennial reign (Revelation 20:4-6)?
    And I saw (1) THE BEAST and
                     (2)
    the KINGS of the earth and their ARMIES,
All that is left on the earth are evil-controlled elements and their leader, THE BEAST (Revelation 13:1-8 and Revelation 17:11-13). As we found out earlier, the KINGS simply are the evil power base of THE BEAST. They are his horns (Revelation 17:12). One could think of these KINGS as being evil in specific areas. It is left to the reader to determine the evil opposite of each of the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-17), for example. How many of these evil elements are covered in Revelation 21:8?

This is prophesied in Daniel 11:29-45, and as the last verse in Daniel says, "and no one will help him".
    ASSEMBLED to MAKE WAR against
    • HIM who sat upon the horse, and against
    • His ARMY.
Since chapter 19 has been primarily the spiritual part of the redemption of the earth, then what we are seeing here is the spiritual part of the battle of Armageddon. We saw the physical part in Revelation 16:12-16.

Note that THE BEAST has to have ARMIES, while the Lord only has an ARMY. And even with ARMIES, the Lord single-handedly kills the ARMIES with the sword (THE TRUTH) in His mouth (Revelation 19:21). If we are chosen to serve in the Lord's ARMY for this campaign, then we won't have to fight but just witness the defeat of evil,
PRAISE HIS HOLY NAME!
    And
    1. THE BEAST was SEIZED, and with him
    2. the FALSE PROPHET who performed the SIGNS in his presence,
These are two of the members of the "UNHOLY TRINITY": Satan, the BEAST (Revelation 13:1-10) playing the counter part to Christ, and the FALSE PROPHET (Revelation 13:11-18) playing a bad imitation of the Holy Spirit. They were the henchmen/leadership who performed SIGNS to deceive the non-believers in Christ. Suddenly, on the verge of the final battle, they simply were SEIZED. By whom it isn't stated, but one may imagine that it is the One who is redeeming the earth (Revelation 5:5,7). He is leading the heavenly ARMY (verse 11 and 14). When the leadership in the form of two of the UNHOLY TRINITY is gone, the hopes of "the rest" (next verse) are dashed......they realize they had made the ultimate mistaken choice.
    by which he DECEIVED
    1. those who had RECEIVED the MARK OF THE BEAST and
    2. those who WORSHIPED his image;
Notice how counterfeit these two deceptions are:
1. Christ's gift of salvation is free. Contrast that with those who received the MARK of the BEAST. They took the MARK in order to eat and to do business (Revelation 13:17).
2. The act of worship is a (holy) spirit thing. God is a SPIRIT, and we must WORSHIP Him in Spirit and Truth (John 4:7-24-38). Contrast that with those who WORSHIP the beast's image in direct violation of God's commandment (Deuteronomy 5:6-9-21).
    these two were thrown ALIVE into the LAKE OF FIRE which burns with brimstone.
This is the first mention of the LAKE OF FIRE (the other references are Revelation 20:10, Revelation 20:14, Revelation 20:15, and Revelation 21:8). The order in which the LAKE OF FIRE is filled appears to be, the BEAST and FALSE PROPHET,  Satan (1000 years later), and the rest, "anyone's name was not found written in the book of life" (Revelation 20:14-15). The LAKE OF FIRE contains EVIL for eternity. EVIL itself apparently doesn't ever die. Just as believers in Christ have everlasting/eternal life, so to those who chose EVIL have an everlasting existence (that may be an understatement!). Since EVIL exists forever, this may be one explanation why the New Jerusalem has gates and has angels guarding the gates (Revelation 21:9-12-14).

This is the fulfillment of Daniel's vision, Daniel 7:9-11-12, albeit Daniel sees their bodies destroyed (but not the EVIL?).  Isaiah 66:22-24 talks about the same thing. The BEAST and the FALSE PROPHET remain ALIVE in the LAKE OF FIRE because they are not consumed or annihilated. They are there 1000 years later (Revelation 20:10). At that time, they are tormented day and night forever.........and there is no reason to torment something that is dead or totally consumed.
    And THE REST WERE KILLED with the SWORD which came from the mouth of him who sat upon the horse,
Many biblical scholars believe that 'THE REST' refers to the kings and their armies in verse 19. This may be the case, however, this really doesn't tell us anything since we do not know who is in these armies. We know that those who took the mark of the beast are still left on this earth, but whether they all are in the armies isn't stated. Traditionally, armies have only been composed of men (Deuteronomy 20).

If these are spiritual armies, then we can assume that this refers to the rest of evil or the demonic world. This may be what the odd statement Jesus used in Luke 21:25-26-28, 'the powers of the heavens' refers to. Most of us have so little experience in this realm. In the Old Testament, Jeremiah uses the phrase 'inhabitants of the earth' (Jeremiah 25:29-33) in his prophesy. The 'inhabitants of the earth' may well include these evil entities (Revelation 12:9).

It shouldn't surprise anyone that just the SWORD or a word of TRUTH from the mouth of him who sat upon the horse can kill 'THE REST'. That is it's intended purpose (Revelation 19:15). Even while Jesus was on this earth, it only took a word:

    and all the birds were filled with their flesh.
This probably is both literal and symbolic. Physically, so many will die at the swipe of the SWORD that there is nobody to bury all of them, and they will lie as dung on the ground (Zephaniah 1:14-17-18).

Symbolically, the birds are a kind of cleansing force which will remove (or become filled with) evil (flesh). We don't understand this process very well for it implies that these birds ultimately are 'sacrificed'  into the lake of fire. That there is a correlation is supported by the prominent use of birds in the purification ritual for leprosy (Leviticus 14:1-4-9). The result, however, is to return the earth to its pre-evil state (Genesis 2:4-14) such that the rightful owner may inhabit it (Revelation 20:4-6).
"Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, © Copyright The Lockman Foundation, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 Used by permission."

References to the Revelation of Jesus Christ are in bold italics. All other references are in bold only