Mystic Figure, The Male Child, Revelation Chapter 12 Verses 5-6 (NASB)

    And SHE GAVE BIRTH to a SON, a male child, who is to RULE all the nations with a rod of iron;
There are two interpretations of this:

The most obvious is the male child is Christ Himself and the mother is Israel (as a chosen people), Psalm 2:7-9.

The less obvious is the male child is the overcomers, Revelation 2:26-27 and the mother is the church of believers. This is not so impossible or confusing as true overcomers are "in Christ" (Romans 12:3-5-8; Philippians 1:21; and 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17).

    and her child was CAUGHT UP to God and His THRONE.
With respect to the most obvious, Revelation 4 explains Christ being at the THRONE.

With respect to the less obvious, the overcomers according to 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 are with Him; the Laodicean overcomers (Revelation 3:21) are granted the privilege to sit on the throne even as Christ Himself is an overcomer. PRAISE HIM!

Believers (overcomers) at regeneration time will sit on twelve thrones judging Israel (chosen people -- not overcomers because of unbelief) according to Matthew 19:27-28-30.
    And the WOMAN fled into the WILDERNESS where she had a PLACE prepared by God,
While this verse says the WOMAN (Israel) fled into the wilderness, Jesus uses a similar expression "flee to the mountains" in Matthew 24:15-28 and Luke 21:20-24. Some scholars believe this wilderness (mountains) is the ancient city of Petra (today Sela). Cross-reference this passage with Daniel 11:40-41-45 and Isaiah 16:1-5.

Symbolically, the wilderness is a place of trial and much hardship for humans; yet, it is the place of peace and confident rest for God and His people. Recall this PLACE is prepared by God (John 14:1-11, Isaiah 33:13-16).

    so that there she might be nourished for one thousand two hundred and sixty days.
Again, we are amazed by the precision of time down to the day from a God who really knows no time and is eternal. Throughout the Revelation, we see this precise for it.

This time period is the GREAT TRIBULATION. If it lasted any longer, all life may disappear (Matthew 24:15-22).

Note also that in the midst of "harsh conditions" in the wilderness, there is nourishment. This was true for the bondwoman, Hagar, in Genesis 16:7-14 and Galatians 4:21-31.

Many scholars believe that during this time the two witnesses (Revelation 11:3-4) speak out, and that this is the same 42 weeks that is given to "the beast" to do his boasting (Revelation 13:5).
"Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, © Copyright The Lockman Foundation, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 Used by permission."

References to the Revelation of Jesus Christ are in bold italics. All other references are in bold only